Like other semi precious gemstones Carnelian has also an interesting history. But the million dollar question is how you will come to know that carnelian beads or gemstones or in reality a Carnelian, if you are given a number of choices to come to the conclusion. The answer to this question is that this gem showcases a fleshy design and comes in the precious stone category. Carnelian is indeed a gemstone with a fleshy design and has been considered one of the best of stones which are used for talismanic intent. Due to its deep red color, Muslims admire this stone. If you look at the historical facts this stone could be seen carved with verses from the Koran.
During 3000 BC era, mention has been made about carnelian beads being used for ornamental and jewelry purposes by the ancient Egypt, Romans, Babylonians, Persia and of course Sumeria. You must perhaps be aware that Napoleon Bonaparte was also fond of jewelry and carnelian gemstone too was close to his heart, as it has been written in the history that Napoleon used this gemstone on his watch-chain. This gem was always with him.
In ancient Greece, women also utilized carnelian gemstone beads as an ornament on their hair and that’s why this gemstone was carved with awesome design so as to resemble with the personality of the wearer. There is also mention about this stone being used by the Egyptian Goddess of Death, Isis. Egyptians placed carnelian gemstones on their mummies, as they were of the opinion that this gem will help them in their afterlife journey. Historical data has revealed that this stone has also been found in the mask of the eminent Egyptian King Tutankhamen.
Carnelian gemstone has also been mentioned in the holy Bible with the name of “stones of fire” (Ezekiel 28:13-16). The gemstone was given to Moses in favor of breastplate of Aaron (Exodus 28:15–30), along with other twelve gemstones this stone was also utilized for the foundation of the city walls of Jerusalem (Revelations 21:19).
According to Romans, this gemstone was the source of courage, which is why it was extensively used by the people there. This stone was also used for sealing of wax as wax can’t stick on this stone. Historical facts also reveal that carnelian was used in the Indus Valley Civilization, while Greeks and Babylonians allied this stone for bringing good luck.
During 1400s carnelian beads were popular in the village of Idar-Oberstein in Germany where it was being used with other gemstone agate.