The mere mention of Amber beads, takes your mind away for a while and you may feel nostalgia. Derived from the Arabic word “anbar”, ‘Amber’ in reality has been referred to as tree sap, but in fact it is more than a tree sap. In fact, Amber was produced from plant resin which remained buried and fossilized for centuries. Amber thus was created by natural polymerization of the real organic compounds which included tree sap, trapping debris like seeds, leaves, feathers and fossils of insects. Did you know that you can find around 1,000 extinct species of insect in amber? This is why this remarkable stone gets its unique look and its value. Researchers say this accumulation was deposited in the Baltic Sea some 40 to 60 million years ago and which is why Amber from the Baltic Region is considered as finest amber beads in the world. In ancient Roman Empire also, amber was known as “gold of the north”.
Amber beads without any doubt are the oldest substance which is used for human adornment. Historical proof depict that various pendants and beads have been found from the northern European gravesites in 8000 B.C. Most of the amber beads date back 30 to 90 million years old. Researchers have find clues which substantiate the presence of Amber jewelry even before Christ period, moreover in, Poland, Lithuania, Germany, Latvia and Estonia in some 100 Neolithic burial sites where amber has been found.
But why people consider Amber as a gemstone is a million dollar question. The answer to this question probably is that amber beads can be classified as gemstone owing to its color and beauty. Are you aware that amber from Dominican Republic is priceless due to the inclusion of more insects in it? Consequently, the amber beads from Dominican Republic are softest while Burmese amber has been found as the hardest. Amber beads in blue and green mostly pertain to this region. You can see the blue or green in reflected light only while in transmitted light you will find more common color like orange, yellow and red in amber beads. It is the presence of succinic acid in amber beads which depicts its quality. You can thus find that ambers from Baltic Sea region include the highest percentage of this acid.
Amber beads has remained famous with all strata of society viz., Geologists, paleontologists, gemologists, jewelers, Archeologists, organic chemists, Botanists, entomologists, poets and artists. Everyone has been baffled by amber beads beauty, which is considered as a mysterious gem which was once called “petrified sunlight” and “frozen gold” and was also used as a varnish for musical instruments and oil paintings in ancient time.